Why does Guernsey need to manage its population?
- Guernsey is an island of 25 square miles. Because of its small size there is a limit to the number of people the Island's resources can support.
- And life is changing. Generally, people are living longer, and tend to have smaller families. If left unmanaged, this can lead to a situation where a smaller number of people are working and they are contributing to support a growing number of people in retirement. It also means there are fewer people available to fill jobs and provide essential services.
- In a small community, changes like these can have a big impact. But small communities can also adapt more quickly to cope with change, and Guernsey has a long and proud history of doing just that.
- Guernsey is a special Island, with a rich heritage and unique identity. We also need to make sure that changes in the make-up of the Island's population don't change the things that make Guernsey a very special place to live and work.
What is the aim of the Law?
- By introducing the Population Management (Guernsey) Law, 2016, Guernsey's government, "the States", can influence the size and make-up of Guernsey's population.
- This means we can make sure we have the right mix of people supporting our economy, and helping the government to meet its Future Guernsey 20-year vision.
- In this way there is help to balance the make-up of Guernsey's population, and to make sure that we support businesses to thrive. We can do this both by making the most of Guernsey's workforce, and being responsive to employers' requests to bring skilled people to live and work in Guernsey.
Who administers the Law?
- The Committee for Home Affairs has political responsibility for the Law, and for the development of the high-level policies that support it.
- Policies supporting businesses are developed in consultation with the Committee for Economic Development, and after taking advice from an independent Population Employment Advisory Panel. The Panel provides evidence-based advice and feedback from all sectors in Guernsey's economy. It is the way Guernsey businesses have direct input into policy development.
- Day to day administration of the Law is the responsibility of the Administrator of Population Management, who is supported by the Team in the Population Management Office.
How does the Law work?
- The Law works using a system of Permits and Certificates. Following the Law's introduction on 3rd April 2017, everyone living in Guernsey aged 16+ needs to hold a Certificate or Permit (previously referred to as a "right to work") to show that they have permission to live and work here.
Quick Guides & Glossary of Terms
- Pāreja uz Likumu par iedzīvotāju pārvaldību — ko tas nozīmē Gērnsijas latviešu kopienai (Presentation to Guernsey’s Latvian Community) [803kb]
- Masterclass - Population Management Law for Landlords [891kb]
- An Employers Introduction to the Transitional Arrangements - June 2016 [761kb]
- An Employers Introduction to the Population Management Law - Nov 2016 [823kb]
- The Population Management Law - Employer Masterclasses [106kb]
- Agreed Absences Policy [398kb]
- Criminal Convictions & Public Interest Policy [381kb]
- Transitional Rules & Policies - For people living in States of Guernsey housing on 3 April 2017 [221kb]
- Transitional Rules & Policies - For people living in the Open Market on 3 April 2017 [257kb]
- Transitional Rules & Policies - For people living on a boat on 3 April 2017 [370kb]
- Discretionary Resident Permit Policies - Employment Permit Holders [315kb]
- Discretionary Resident Permit Policies - Family Members [326kb]
- Discretionary Resident Permit Policies - Open Market Residents [310kb]
- Discretionary Resident Permit Policies - Temporary Permits [369kb]
- Immediate and Extended Family Members [213kb]
- Employer Assessment Policy [409kb]
- Employment Permits - Applications made after employment starts [398kb]
- Employment Permit Policy [458kb] Alternatively you can search eligible jobs here.
- Quick Guide to Application Fees [239kb]
- Alderney Residents Policy [380kb]
- Using the Employer Portal [235kb]
Historical Context and lead up to the Population Management Law
- In June 2013 the States agreed a set of Resolutions that provided the high level framework for the development of the new Population Management system. These included Resolutions relating to long term residency in the Island, specifically the length of time and circumstances under which an individual would need to reside in the Island before obtaining certain residency rights.
- The Resolutions agreed in June 2013 sought to reduce the number of different ways in which certain residency rights could be achieved. However, while a much improved level of simplicity and clarity was introduced, the agreed Resolutions also required the majority of those who were born in the Island, and those who were born to Guernsey families, to be resident in the Island for longer periods of time than is required under the current Housing Control Law before acquiring certain residency rights.
- Following the June 2013 States debate it became apparent to members of the Policy Council that, while one of the key objectives for the new Population Management system was to be less complex, the consequences of simplifying the provisions in this area were unacceptable to significant numbers of Islanders, many of whom had not been aware of the proposals that had been debated and agreed by the States, despite concerted efforts to engage the public in this issue.
- In the light of that public feedback, the Policy Council, mindful that this area was one which engages strong emotions which may or may not be able to be supported by objective reasoning or fact, worked with States Members to come up with alternative proposals. These were debated and agreed by the States in 2014.
- In July 2015, after further consultation with interest groups, the States debated and agreed proposals dealing with people's residential status in the transition to the new Law. The underlying principle that was adopted in designing these proposals was that, as far as possible, a person's position should not be worsened as a result of moving to the new system.
- The proposals have now been included in draft legislation which was approved by the States on 2nd March 2016 and is due to come into force on 3rd April 2017.
- A timeline of key events [153kb] for the Population Management Law is available for download on this page.
Policy Letters and supplementary information